on Young People and Alcohol
Ministerial Conference on Young People and Alcohol, held in Stockholm
from 19 to 21 February 2001
The European Charter
on Alcohol, adopted by Member States in 1995, sets out the guiding principles
and goals for promoting and protecting the health and wellbeing of all
people in the Region. This Declaration aims to protect children and young
people from the pressures to drink and reduce the harm done to them directly
or indirectly by alcohol. (Updated
28 October 2004)
The Declaration on
Young People and Alcohol reaffirms the five principles of the European
Charter on Alcohol:
- All people have the right
to a family, community and working life protected from accidents, violence
and other negative consequences of alcohol consumption.
- All people have the right
to valid impartial information and education, starting early in life,
on the consequences of alcohol consumption on health, the family and
- All children and adolescents
have the right to grow up in an environment protected from the negative
consequences of alcohol consumption and, to the extent possible, from
the promotion of alcoholic beverages.
- All people with hazardous
or harmful alcohol consumption and members of their families have the
right to accessible treatment and care.
- All people who do not wish
to consume alcohol, or who cannot do so for health or other reasons,
have the right to be safeguarded from pressures to drink and be supported
in their non-drinking behaviour.
The Declaration set
the following targets that it recommended should be achieved in Member
States by 2006:
- reduce substantially the
number of young people who start consuming alcohol
- delay the onset of drinking
by young people
- reduce substantially the
occurrence and frequency of high-risk drinking among young people, especially
adolescents and young adults
- provide and/or expand meaningful
alternatives to alcohol and drug use and increase education and training
for those who work with young people
- increase young people’s
involvement in youth health-related policies, especially alcohol-related
- increase education for
young people on alcohol
- minimise the pressures
on young people to drink, especially in relation to alcohol promotions,
free distributions, advertising, sponsorship and availability, with
particular emphasis on special events
- support actions against
the illegal sale of alcohol
- ensure and/or increase
access to health and counselling services, especially for young people
with alcohol problems and/or alcohol-dependent parents or family members
- reduce substantially alcohol-related
harm, especially accidents, assaults and violence, and particularly
as experiences by young people
4 broad areas of effective
alcohol policy measures:
- Provide protection: Strengthen
measures to protect children and adolescents from exposure to alcohol
promotion and sponsorship. Ensure that manufacturers do not target alcohol
products at children and adolescents. Control alcohol availability by
addressing access, minimum age and economic measures, including pricing,
which influence under-age drinking. Provide protection and support for
children and adolescents whose parents and family members are alcohol-dependent
or who have alcohol-related problems.
- Promote education: Raise
awareness of the effects of alcohol, in particular among young people.
Develop health promotion programmes that include alcohol issues in settings
such as educational institutions, workplaces, youth organisations and
local communities. These programmes should enable parents, teachers,
peers and youth leaders to help young people learn and practice life
skills and address the issues of social pressure and risk management.
Furthermore, young people should be empowered to take responsibilities
as important members of society.
- Support environments: Create
opportunities where alternatives to the drink culture are encouraged
and favoured. Develop and encourage the role of the family in promoting
the health and wellbeing of young people. Ensure that schools and, where
possible, other educational institutions are alcohol-free environments.
- Reduce harm: Promote a
greater understanding of the negative consequences of drinking for the
individual, the family and society. Within the drinking environment,
ensure training for those responsible for the serving of alcohol to
minors and intoxicated persons. Enforce drink-driving regulations and
penalties. Provide appropriate health and social services for young
people who experience problems as a result of other people’s or
their own drinking.
4 key areas:
- Build political commitment
by developing comprehensive countrywide plans and strategies with young
people, with targets to reduce drinking and related harm, particularly
in the different segments of the youth population, and evaluate (with
young people) progress towards them.
- Develop partnerships with
young people especially, through appropriate local networks. Look to
young people as a resource and promote opportunities for young people
to participate in shaping the decisions that affect their lives. Special
emphasis should be placed on reducing inequalities, particularly health.
- Develop a comprehensive
approach to addressing the social and health problems experienced by
young people in connection with alcohol, tobacco, drugs and other related
issues. Promote an intersectoral approach at national and local level,
to ensure a sustainable and more effective policy. When promoting the
health and wellbeing of young people, take into consideration their
varying social and cultural backgrounds, and particularly those of groups
with special needs.
- Strengthen international
co-operation among Member States. Many of the policy measures need to
be reinforced at the international level, if they are to be fully effective.
WHO will provide leadership by establishing appropriate partnerships
and utilizing its collaborative networks across the European Region.
In this regard, cooperation with the European Commission is of particular
Die ergänzte Fassung:
Die deutsche "ERKLÄRUNG
ÜBER JUGEND UND ALKOHOL" finden
Sie z.B hier.